Meanwhile for minor qtl controlling yield and other traits, oil palm breeders are testing the feasibilities of genomewide breedinggenetic value. The advancement of oil palm breeding applied agricultural. With genomic resources becoming increasingly available for the oil palm sequencing, resequencing and chips development the exploration of the genetic. There is great potential for the genetic improvement of oil palm yield. The above traits could be improved through breeding and biotechnology. Mixed model approach for ibdbased qtl mapping in a complex oil palm pedigree. Pedigree, identity by descent, quantitative trait locus, linear mixed model, oil palm background oil palm elaeis guineensis jacq. The oil palm is seen as the main instrument for socioeconomic development, particularly for the rural areas in malaysia and indonesia but.
Soh ac, mayes s, roberts ja 2017 oil palm breeding. The assemble genome sequence of the elite dura tree. Secondgeneration biofuels are made from a wider variety of nonfood sources, such as cellulose, algae and recovered waste products. This study aims to identify genetic bases of oil palm production using a pedigreebased approach that is innovative in plant genetics. A practical genomeenabled legitimacy assay for oil palm breeding. Oct 15, 2015 oil palm breeding would benefit from markerassisted selection but genetic studies are scarce and inconclusive. Aa hybrida 2 will be produced in the near future as an improved product. Mar 27, 2015 african oil palm has the highest productivity amongst cultivated oleaginous crops. African oil palm has the highest productivity amongst cultivated oleaginous crops. This discovery may help balance the competing interests of meeting increasing worldwide demand for edible oil and biofuels on the one hand, and of rainforest conservation on the other, added singh, who is head of the genomics unit of the advanced biotechnology and breeding centre at the malaysian palm oil board mpob. Breeding and genetics of the oil palm sciencedirect. But to date, studies on the diversity of the current nifor oil palm breeding populations have not. Key topics include studies in horticultural and forest tree genomics.
The performance of 11 oil palm avros algemene vereniging van rubberplanters ter oostkust van sumatra pisiferas was evaluated based on their 40 dura x pisifera dxp progenies tested on inland soils, predominantly of serdang series. The same approach and concepts can be readily applied to forest tree breeding where long generation times and late. Although it is planted on only 5% of the total world vegetable oil acreage, palm oil accounts for 33% of. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading oil palm breeding.
Request pdf on mar 15, 2018, samsul kamal rosli and others published oil palm breeding genetics and genomics find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Genomic preselection with genotypingbysequencing increases. Fresh fruit bunch ffb yield of each pisiferas ranged from 121. The wrong parentage illegitimacy is believed to have further impact on oil yield due to the different genetic combining ability of every resulting.
Agriculture is now well positioned to take its share benefit from genomics. Oil palm is the worlds leading source of vegetable oil and fat. Allelic variability of oil palm interpopulation progenies. The recent announcements of the breakthroughs in obtaining the oil palm genome sequence map herald a new chapter in oil palm genetic improvement. The occurrence of unexpected fruit forms is a certain indication of problems. Oct 07, 2015 chromosomes and molecular cytogenetics of oil palm.
Konimor, selection and breeding progress in planting materials at dami oprs, papua new guinea, in proceedings of the seminar on sourcing of oil palm planting materials for local and overseas jointventure, pp. Research work also relies on the identification of genetic variation in the. The genome sequence of pisifera is available whereas the dura form has not been sequenced yet. Mixed model approach for ibdbased qtl mapping in a complex oil palm pedigree mixed model approach for ibdbased qtl mapping in a complex oil palm pedigree. A dynamic breeding sector has contributed to enhancing oil yields by 60 % in the last 50 years. Traditional progeny tests allow accurate selection but limit the number of individuals evaluated.
The oil yield from wild groves is presently less than 0. The oil palm, being a crosspollinated perennial tree crop, has adapted breeding methodologies developed in maize e. Species can constitute a single crop capable to fulfill the growing global demand for vegetable oils, which is estimated to reach 240 million tons by 2050. Previously, genetic linkage maps based on aflp, rflp and ssr markers were developed and qtls for fatty acid composition and yield components. However, through breeding and selection, the oil yield of commercial plantations could reach as much as 8 thay. Genetic performance and general combining ability of oil palm. A high genetic diversity was observed with a total of 64 alleles including 23 rare alleles or alleles at frequencies less than 0. The nifor tenera parents recorded the highest number of rare alleles. The oil palm is seen as the main instrument for socioeconomic development, particularly for the rural areas in malaysia and indonesia but also in. It is the worlds leading crop for vegetable oil production 34. Oil palm natural diversity and the potential for yield. Oil palm is an important perennial oil crop with an extremely long selection cycle of 10 to 12 years.
Dura, pisifera and tenera are three forms of oil palm. This is a practical guide to mutation breeding in oil palm, representing completely novel work supported by the plant breeding and genetics section of the joint faoiaea division vienna, austria. Molecular research in oil palm, the key oil crop for the future. Improvement of palm oil through breeding and biotechnology. Draft genome sequence of an elite dura palm and whole. We sequenced the genome of one elite dura palm, and resequenced 17 palm genomes. Mutation breeding download ebook pdf, epub, tuebl, mobi. Genomic selection, oil palm, yield, relatedness, gblup, mendelian sampling term. The editors have all been involved in research and. Meiotic crossovers in outbred species, such as oil palm elaeis guineensis jacq.
Conventional breeding has clearly been the major focus of genetic improvement in this crop. Genomics, postgenomics or functional genomics, bioinformatics. Basicinformation abouttomatoesandthetomatogroup 1 anacaicedo andiris peralta 1. Mpob experience maria madon 1 abstract cytogenetics is a branch of genetics that is concerned with the study of the structure and function of the cell, especially the chromosomes.
Mixed model approach for ibdbased qtl mapping in a complex. The oil palm elaeis guineensis is the highest oilyielding crop and has the potential to become the major supplier of both edible oil and renewable industrial feedstock. The average observed heterozygosity and mean gene diversity across all parental. Development of new marker methodsan example from oil palm. B hybrid progeny tests with almost 500 crosses for training and 200 crosses. Conventional breeding has clearly been the major focus of. Averaged over all txt crosses, in four trials with between 1500 and 2500 palms each, the illegitimacy proportion of. Breeding strategies and genetic resources for oil palm improvement are discussed with a focus on malaysia. Jul 24, 20 oil palm is the most productive oil bearing crop. Oil palm breeding would benefit from markerassisted selection but genetic studies are scarce and inconclusive. The genetic diversity among 15 nifor breeding parents was assessed using 10 microsatellite markers. Deli is the name of a place while avros is the name of a research station in indonesia.
Elaeis guineensis is the worlds leading source of vegetable oil, and the demand is still increasing. I would like to welcome you to the official homepage of the international society for oil palm breeders isopb. As such, any tool that speeds up its genetic improvement process, such as markerassisted breeding is invaluable. Genetic background of three commercial oil palm breeding. Allelic variability of oil palm interpopulation progenies based on simple sequence repeats markers okoye maxwell n. These breakthroughs will spur the further development of oil palm genomics. Genomic selection gs involves selection decisions based on genomic breeding values estimated as the sum of the effects of genomewide markers capturing most quantitative trait loci qtl for the target traits. The crude palm oil and kernel palm oil have different fatty acid profiles. Oil palm is the top oil crop and the only major crop and only oil crop not to have been improved by plant mutation breeding. Presents several chapters related to oil palm genetics, including oil palm genomics, tissue culture and genetic engineering. The oil palm by corley and tinker has and continues to be the goto reference for oil palm breeding. Previously, genetic linkage maps based on aflp, rflp and ssr markers were developed and qtls for fatty acid composition and yield components identified. The fresh fruit bunches with longer stalk are displayed with the length ranging in between 3050 cm. Although it is planted on only 5% of the total world vegetable oil acreage, palm oil accounts for 33% of vegetable oil and 45% of edible oil.
Genetics and genomics crc press book the oil palm is a remarkable crop, producing around 40% of the worlds vegetable oil from around 6% of the land devoted to oil crops. Abstract african oil palm elaeis guineensis jacq produces more than five times. Date palm genetic resource conservation, breeding, genetics, and genomics in california robert r krueger usdaarsncgrcd pag 2012. This article examines how genomics would impact plant and oil palm breeding. Gs is revolutionizing breeding practice in domestic animals. Contents dedication v preface to theseries vii preface to the volume xiii listofcontributors xxv abbreviations xxxi 1. The american oil palm elaeis oleifera which also produces an oil in smaller quantities consumed by the natives and is of interest in breeding because of some of its desirable attributes, however, is endemic to tropical latin america stretching from mexico in the north to the amazonas of bolivia, brazil, colombia and peru in the south and. Ssr markers are useful in oil palm population genetics and breeding studies 41, varietal identification 36 4246, pedigree analysis, genome mapping, and qtl detection for molecular markeras sisted selection 4749. Through seed breeding and genome technology, scientists are.
Chromosomes and molecular cytogenetics of oil palm. This characteristic will be included into new oil palm breeding lines. I visited the oil palm fields to view the oil palm and other exhibits. Two types of vegetable oil are extracted from the palm fruit on commercial scale. Biotechnology applications for plant breeding and genetics. Pdf applications and challenges of biotechnology in oil palm.
Oil palm genome sequence reveals divergence of interfertile. Aug 15, 20 oil palm is the most productive oil bearing crop. The study of plants has led to important insights into highly conserved biological process and a wealth of knowledge about development. Frontiers oil palm natural diversity and the potential for. So far, deli dura mother palm and avros pisifera father palm are used for plant breeding. Genomic selection in forest tree breeding springerlink. The homepage presents the latest information on the isopb members directory, society activities and publications of oil palm breeding and genetics papers presented in seminars organized by the society. Oct 15, 2019 soh ac, mayes s, roberts ja 2017 oil palm breeding.
Breeding, genetics and genomics, world leading organizations and individuals who have been at the forefront of developments in this crop, provide their insights and experiences of oil palm research, while examining the different challenges that face the future of the oil palm. Screening of wild oil palm elaeis guineensis germplasm for lipase activity volume 154 issue 7 y. However, due to the increasing demand for edible oil and the diverse range of uses. Planted on only 5% of the total vegetable oil acreage, palm oil accounts for 33% of vegetable oil, and 45% of edible oil worldwide, but increased cultivation competes with dwindling rainforest reserves. Assessment of genetic diversity of nifor oil palm main. Genetics and genomics kindle edition by soh, aik chin, mayes, sean, roberts, jeremy a download it once and read it on your kindle device, pc, phones or tablets. Aar is different from the others as the plant breeder uses dumpy dura e206 with its short palm features and psifera s27b with high fresh fruit bunch production for plant breeding. Such genetic variation is usually exploited in breeding. Abstract breeding the oil palm elaeis guineensis jacq.
Isolation and expression analysis of genes encoding met, cmt, and drm methyltransferases in oil palm elaeis guineensis jacq. Includes contributions from more than 80 wellknown scientists and researchers in the field. Breeding, genetics and genomics, world leading organizations and individuals who have been at the forefront of developments in. Palm oil genome map will boost yields and protect environment. Biotechnological efforts at the palm oil institute of malaysia are directed toward the production of oil with high iv and high monounsaturated fatty acids for edible purposes and industrial uses. It also includes several topics related to oil palm genomics, tissue culture and genetic engineering of oil palm. Mixed model approach for ibdbased qtl mapping in a. Genetics and genomics complements the first one by taking a focused and expansive look at current and future practices in oil palm breeding and incorporating new molecular techniques for genetic improvement of the crop. The primary sequences of most plant genes will be determined over the next few years.
Linkagebased genome assembly improvement of oil palm. Production, processing, characterization, and uses serves as a rich source of information on the production, processing, characterization and utilization of palm oil and its components. Oil palm breeding genetics and genomics request pdf. Genomic selection gs could overcome this constraint. Apr 29, 2019 meiotic crossovers in outbred species, such as oil palm elaeis guineensis jacq. The editors are committed to making a significant, ongoing contribution to the advancement of tree genetics. Development of new marker methodsan example from oil palm volume 1 issue 23 zuzana price, alan h.117 278 1381 967 22 1537 1091 1042 489 105 1324 378 1174 515 1089 1327 1232 449 1613 874 1592 174 1262 1287 771 192 633 1141 1261